Speech Therapy for Adults

Swallowing difficulty, also known as dysphagia (dis-FAY-juh), can occur due to a variety of neurological or anatomical diseases or conditions, including brain injury, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, head and neck cancers etc.

Swallowing difficulty may involve the following:

  • Problems moving food in the mouth
  • Trouble starting a swallow
  • Difficulty getting food down
  • Throat clearing after eating or drinking
  • Coughing after eating or drinking
  • Wet voice after eating or drinking
  • Choking

Problems with swallowing can lead to:

  • Poor nutrition and hydration
  • Decreased energy
  • Pneumonia
  • Reduce social interactions in activities that involve food

Speech-language pathologists (S-LPs) are trained in the identification, management and treatment of swallowing problems. A speech-language pathologist can determine what foods are safe, easy and enjoyable to eat, and what exercises and techniques can improve the swallow function. Speech-language pathologists will work with the client and their families to provide education on the swallowing and how to reduce the risks.

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